LAND DEGRADATION : A TICKLING TIME BOMB

The Problem Today

Currently, 40% of soil in Africa is degraded. Degraded soil diminishes food production and leads to soil erosion, which in turn contributes to desertification. This is particularly worrisome since, according to the UN’s Food and Agriculture Organization, some 83% of sub-Saharan African people depend on the land for their livelihood, and food production in Africa will have to increase almost 100% by 2050 to keep up with population demands. All of this makes soil erosion a pressing social, economic, and environmental issue for many African countries.

Reality on Ground.

Katsina State Government has spent over N6 billion in three years on erosion and flood control across the state, the Commissioner for Environment, Hamza Suleiman, has said.

Suleiman made the disclosure at the opening of a workshop for some participants of Nigeria Erosion and Watershed Management Project (NEWMAP) in Katsina.

“The state government had implemented various projects on gully restoration, storm water, erosion control and flood project before the coming of NEWMAP in the state.

According to him, over N2.8 billion was spent by the government between 2015 and 2017 to tackle some of the 3000 complaints it received from communities affected by various ecological challenges.

“The state government also expended another N3.2 billion in third and fourth quarters of 2017 to 2018 to control erosion in 49 communities.

Can Law Review be the Solution?

“The state House of Assembly will assist in reviewing the existing laws on erosion with the aim of making erosion control a success in the state,”

What is land degradation?

Land degradation is caused by multiple forces, including extreme weather conditions particularly drought, and human activities that pollute or degrade the quality of soils and land utility negatively affecting food production, livelihoods, and the production and provision of other ecosystem goods and services.

Threats to land integrity

Land degradation has accelerated during the 20th century due to increasing and combined pressures of agricultural and livestock production (over-cultivation, overgrazing, forest conversion), urbanization, deforestation, and extreme weather events such as droughts and coastal surges which salinate land.

What does land degradation mean for health?

These social and environmental processes are stressing the world’s arable lands and pastures essential for the provision of food and water and quality air. Land degradation and desertification can affect human health through complex pathways. As land is degraded and in some places deserts expand, food production is reduced, water sources dry up and populations are pressured to move to more hospitable areas. The potential impacts of desertification on health include:

  • Higher threats of malnutrition from reduced food and water supplies;
  • More water- and food-borne diseases that result from poor hygiene and a lack of clean water;
  • Respiratory diseases caused by atmospheric dust from wind erosion and other air pollutants;
  • The spread of infectious diseases as populations migrate.

Source: UNCCD

How do we reduce soil degradation?

Use of organic farming techniques: Organic farming involves the application of natural means in farming, to reduce harm to the environment. Some organic farming techniques that help restore the soil include use of green manure (uprooted or sown crop parts incorporated or left on topsoil), cover crops, crop rotation and organic compost.

  • Green manure and cover crops: Green manures and cover crops serve as mulch to the soil preventing the soil from wind/water erosion and moisture loss. They also increase the soil organic matter content as they decompose in the soil. Green manure and cover crops that are legumes (plants which produce seeds in pods) have nitrogen fixing ability. The nitrogen fixing bacteria in their root nodules help capture nitrogen from the atmosphere. Green manure and cover crops suppress weed growth. It is a cheap and natural (no herbicide use) method of controlling weeds.
  • Organic compost: Organic compost is a generally cheaper method of fertilizing the soils compared to inorganic fertilizers. Compost is a mixture of decomposed plant parts and animal waste. The key benefit of composting is that it increases soil organic matter content. Organic matter improves the soil fertility, the soil structure and its water holding capacity. It also sequesters carbon in the soil. The use of compost reduces use of chemical fertilizers which if applied inappropriately can contaminate neighbouring streams or ground water.
  • Crop rotation: This is a farming practice which involves growing different types of crops in one location sequentially. This practice reduces soil erosion, increases the soil fertility and subsequently crop yield.

Source: National Geographic

Soil remediation: Soil remediation involves the removal of harmful contaminants such as, heavy metals, sewage sludge, coal tar, carcinogenic hydrocarbons, liquors and petroleum from soils. Soil remediation can be achieved using biological techniques. This method is called bioremediation. Some examples of bioremediation techniques include:

  • Phytoremediation: The use of plants to remove contaminants from soils or to degrade contaminants to a lesser toxic form. Some plants have the ability to extract contaminants from soils. This process is called phytoextraction. The willow (Salix viminalis) is a shrub credited for its ability to extract cadmium from soils. Phytoextraction is one technique in phytoremediation. Some other techniques are phytostabilization, phytotransformation and phytostimulation.
  • Bioaugmentation: This is the introduction of genetically modified micro organisms into contaminated soils with the aim of degrading contaminants. The efficiency of this technique depends on a number of factors, some of which are the physico-chemical properties of the soil and the ability of the introduced micro organisms to compete successfully with the indigenous soil microflora.
  • Land-based treatments: This includes techniques like land farming and composting. In land farming, contaminated soils are taken to land farming sites and continuously overturned and tilled to allow aeration. In composting, micro organisms present in organic material are used to biodegrade soil contaminants.

When soils are contaminated they constitute an environmental hazard. Soil remediation is always an expensive large scale project; requiring funding or approval by the government or local authority involved.

Source: ResearchGate

A good example of a soil remediation project was the restoration of soils contaminated with stockpiles of obsolete pesticides in two African countries (Mali and Mauritania). These soils were restored using composting and land-farming. This project was run by collaboration between the FAO* Pesticide Management Programme, the Wageningen University and Research Centre and the National Institutions of the countries involved.

Desalinization: Soil salinization occurs when high levels of soluble salts accumulate in the root zone. Saline soils frustrate crop growth and reduce crop yield. Soil salinization is encouraged by:

  • Formation from parent materials with high salt content
  • Low rainfall in arid regions where there is insufficient water to leach salts
  • Poor soil drainage system
  • Excessive exposure of soil to salty irrigation water or chemicals

Some methods used to restore saline soils are:

  • Installing drainage systems to wash salts down the soil profile (this method is expensive and complicated).
  • Leaching out saline soils by applying water to contaminated soils to wash salts beyond the root zone.
  • Use of salt tolerant plants (halophytes) as bioremediants. Halophytes accumulate salts in their shoots and other aerial plant parts. Examples include Allenrolfea occidentalis (iodine bush), Salicornia bigelovii (dwarf saltwort), Panicum virgatum (switch grass), Sesuvium portulacastrum (sea purslane).
  • Application of gypsum (calcium sulphate dehydrate) to sodic soils. Sodic soils have high content of sodium chloride. Gypsum mixed into the layers of sodic soils replaces sodium with calcium, reducing the sodium level.

Sources:

WORLD HEALTH ORGANISATION | PERMACULTURE RESEARCH INSTITUTE | ThoughtCo | VON 

 

 

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OPINION: WE NEED A TECHNOLOGY DRIVEN WASTE COLLECTION SOLUTION

Our cities are filled with scavengers who scout for recyclables wastes for collection. These men and women make a living from picking scraps; they are semi-illiterates and most can use mobile handsets. They operate a flexible method of renewable waste collection, though profit driven. Bulks of renewable waste retrieval from far to near places are done by them. Majority of people call them scavengers.

Image Credit: Pulitzer Center

What exactly do they have to work with? Metal carts which have the ability to pick-up 30-40kg of waste. They limit their activities to public spaces and seldom venture in private quarters. Let’s assume the amount of recyclable waste picked by fifty scavengers in a Nigerian urban city totals 1500kg daily, which makes it 547,500kg in a year. This can go a long way to make huge difference. Unfortunately, the major hindrance facing this type of waste collection is getting the right location of waste products within a short time-frame.

Image Credit: Pulitzer Center

It will be interesting to note that Nigeria with over 100 million mobile users, high-presence of major IT hubs, impressive numbers of start-ups focused on building mobile apps and arrays of service provider giants, cannot boast of a single mobile app to solve the problem of waste that the scavengers are facing.

I believe that if we apply information technology to waste retrieval, it will definitely bring a different approach to the way scavengers locate waste. Availability of a waste collection app, which allows users to log in descriptive details and quantity of recyclables wastes around them which are then matched to scavengers within the vicinity in other to create an easy waste collection channel, would make a great impact in the waste retrieval process.

 

Also, majority of Nigerians are embracing the “reuse” and “recycle” gospel and waste recycling is gaining momentum among various households which also makes the app useful for individuals and corporate organisations who would love to notify scavengers, recycling companies or waste retrieving authority about their wastes.

This approach can help to scale up the impact of recycling and it would have a visible impact on how we manage waste. I believe this could be a different approach in waste recycling rather than re-inventing the wheel.

Author Bio:

Okechukwu Orakwue,

Medical Doctor and Environmentalist

E-MAIL: FILL9OK@GMAIL.COM

SUSTAINABLE SMART CITIES, SOLUTION TO AFRICA URBAN INFLUX.

Africa is a continent of natural wonders and rich cultures, blessed with a blended spectrum of people from different ethnic groups showcasing the best they got in making Africa an industrialized continent.


Africa has more than 1 billion people, ranked as the second populated region in the world and with a very significant population growth in the world.

The UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs report (2017), on Population facts: Youth Population trends and Sustainable Development showed that, Urban population in Africa account 39.2 percent, this shows that the continent is expanding in urban development, with more than 220 million youth population and expected to reach 42 percent by 2030, Africa can reach its pinnacles under the right circumstances by employing youth at the forefront of creativity and innovation. However, the youth of Africa have dreams for their motherland and visions that reflect development cutting across all major aspects of human life advancement. As a youth of Africa, I envision on taking lead in developing smart cities and improving urban development.

Africa Planners Association report (2013) on The State of Planning in Africa, found that the patterns of Africa urban development can be traced throughout history by reviewing the pre-colonial, colonial, post-colonial and modern periods. In the pre-colonial era migration and land dominance led to establishment of large settlements, during this time land was vested within traditional leaders, families, and communities whereby customary laws controlled and managed all issues regarding the land management. By the time we were colonized, the westerners had their own form of high-level urbanization whereby they initiated the establishment of new settlements along the Africa coastline in the 16th century onward.

By 19 century, Africa was already scrambled by colonialists whereby British, German, Belgium, France and Portuguese planning systems were integrated across their colonial territories. After the colonial era, Western, Eastern and Southern Africa independent states began working their way to elevate urban development across the continent taking off from where the colonial master’s planners left. However Africa needs to reshuffle the cards and employ new strategies to extinguish the chronic urban settlements challenges, I believe modern smart cities and urban development to be the viable solution.

Before the 19th century, the world had less than 1 billion people. Currently 7 billion people are accounted all over the globe, with Africa ranked second as the most populated region and its economy growing at a fast pace (United Nations World Population Prospects, 2017 revision).

Therefore smart cities are the viable solutions towards harmonizing the growing population with living conditions across Africa. The pool of knowledge, reflect smart cities to be urban areas that use different types of electronic data collection sensors to supply information which is used to manage assets and resources efficiently. This concept has been raised to utilize effectively Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) for the last 20 years to facilitate smooth urban life in this digital age, hence this concept fits perfectly in Africa I hope to see in the coming decades.

Studies show Smart cities put to use data from citizen devices plus assets then analyzed and processed to ensure effective monitoring of traffic, power systems, water supply, network systems, transportation systems, waste and et cetera.

With the use of Internet of Things, smart cities reduce operation costs and resource consumption by employing digital solutions towards cities daily operations. This concept emerged as climate change, economic restriction, an ageing population, urban population growth and pressure on public funds issues came out as major forces limiting smooth urbanization. Some of the cities to visualize this concept were: New York, Madrid, Helsinki, Osaka, Dubai, Barcelona and Amsterdam to mention a few.

However Africa has not been lagging behind, Kenya and South Africa are one of the cities that managed to bring this concept to reality. Available studies shows that Nairobi a capital city of Kenya was noted to be one of the most advanced and intelligent cities in Africa. South Africa’s Cape Town has been marked as the best place to do business in the continent.  Africa has twenty largest cities Dar es salaam being one of them which grows at a very fast pace, however most of them are not smart cities, thus Africa as a whole region ought to crackdown all hindrances and bring together technologies and strategies to bring smart cities to fruition.

I hope Africa will develop robust interconnected harmonious communities that employ sustainable mechanisms in all aspects of life. Urban development plans should complement the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG’s) 11- Make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable, this can be visualized by bringing in technology into every sphere of life, improvement and youth being the core part of it.

African cities generate 50-70 percent GDP (Sustainable Urban Development report,2015), these numbers will rise, if the core system of the smart city is transformed to fit our real needs by transforming education, health, transportation systems and public administration to be integrated by modern technologies  to save time, money, energy and to make life fun. Urbanization, industrialization, economic growth issues should be unified to ensure that all operation pertaining each sphere work closely to maximize social equity, economic viability and environmental sustainability.

Land is a critical and productive resource in Africa, I anticipate that land disputes issues to be extinguished in the next decade, so that we can plan our settlements effectively, cities consume 2/3 of the world resources and 54 percent of the people live in urban areas (Sustainable Urban Development report,2015), I believe if Africa works on strengthening city’s finances, governance system, improving health ,life standards and land use planning for urban transformation, smart cities and urban development will be visualized.

 

Padili Mikomangwa

Geographer and Environmentalist writes from Tanzania.

He can be reached via Cell: +255763635597.

Email: padilijm@gmail.com

 

A PIECE OF CLOTH, A TRUCK OF TRASH.

One garbage truck of clothes is burned or sent to landfills every second!


The average consumer bought 60 percent more clothes in 2014 than in 2000, but kept each garment for half as long. 

Think about how many sweaters, scarves and other clothes were given as gifts this holiday season. How many times will people wear them before throwing them out? Probably far fewer than you think.

Gone are the days when people would buy a shirt and wear it for years. In a world of accelerating demand for apparel, consumers want—and can increasingly afford—new clothing after wearing garments only a few times. Entire business models are built on the premise of “fast fashion,” providing clothes cheaply and quickly to consumers through shorter fashion cycles.

This linear fashion model of buying, wearing and quickly discarding clothes negatively impacts people and the planet’s resources. Here’s a look at the economic, social and environmental implications:

                                                                                                    

The Economics

According to the Ellen McArthur Foundation, clothing production has approximately doubled in the last 15 years, driven by a growing middle-class population across the globe and increased per capita sales in developed economies. An expected 400 percent increase in world GDP by 2050 will mean even greater demand for clothing.

This could be an opportunity to do better. One report found that addressing environmental and social problems created by the fashion industry would provide a $192 billion overall benefit to the global economy by 2030. The annual value of clothing discarded prematurely is more than $400 billion.

The Environmental Impacts

Apparel production is also resource- and emissions-intensive. Consider that:

  • Making a pair of jeans produces as much greenhouse gases as driving a car more than 80 miles.
  • Discarded clothing made of non-biodegradable fabrics can sit in landfills for up to 200 years.
  • It takes 2,700 liters of water to make one cotton shirt, enough to meet the average person’s drinking needs for two-and-a-half years.

The Societal Impacts

Clothing production has helped spur growth in developing economies, but a closer look reveals a number of social challenges. For instance:

Ethiopia Garment Industry.
Credit: World Politics Review

  • According to non-profit Remake, 75 million people are making our clothes today, and 80 percent of apparel is made by young women between the ages of 18 and 24.
  • Garment workers, primarily women, in Bangladesh make about $96 per month. The government’s wage board suggested that a garment worker needs 3.5 times that amount in order to live a “decent life with basic facilities.”
  • A 2018 U.S. Department of Labor report found evidence of forced and child labor in the fashion industry in Argentina, Bangladesh, Brazil, China, India, Indonesia, Philippines, Turkey, Vietnam and other countries.

Rapid consumption of apparel and the need to deliver on short fashion cycles stresses production resources, often resulting in supply chains that put profits ahead of human welfare.

So, What Do We Do?
So, what does a more sustainable apparel industry look like, and how do we get there? We’re starting to see some  early signs of an industry in transition. Business models based on longevity, such as Rent the Runway and Gwynnie Bee, are the beginnings of an industry that supports reuse instead of rapid and irresponsible consumption. Just as Netflix re-imagined traditional film rental services and Lyft disrupted transportation, we are beginning to see options for consumers to lease clothes rather than buy and stash them in their closets. Ideally, an “end of ownership” in apparel will be implemented in a way that considers impacts on jobs, communities and the environment.

This is only the beginning of the radical transformation required. Apparel companies will increasingly have to confront the elephant in the boardroom and decouple their business growth from resource use.

To meet tomorrow’s demand for clothing in innovative ways, companies will need to do what they have never done before: design, test and invest in business models that reuse clothes and maximize their useful life. For apparel companies, it’s time to disrupt or be disrupted.

Article Credit: World Economic Forum

Donate to train one woman to learn waste to furniture vocational skills 

 

 

Renewable Energy: The underutilized energy source

Energy is a very vital resource to the development of the modern life. From household appliances, office electronic devices, factories and industries machines, transportation and personal gadgets all are driven by energy.

In other words, energy holds a much wider control over the operating capacity of our modern creation.

Perhaps the most grilling phenomenon is the way our environment is degraded and polluted by energy generation and consumption, triggering the all-out demand for sustainable methods to harness energy and moving forward to tap renewable energy, hence for Africa might be the suitable game to play and capitalize due to the present myriad of natural forms of energy.

Renewable energy comes from the natural forms of energy that comes from nature and replenish over human being time scales, such as wind, sunlight, rain, waves, tides and geothermal.

Renewable energy is mostly utilized in electrification, rural (off grid) energy services, transportation air and water heating and cooling. This nature friendly energy generation method dates back in the 19th century prior to the development of coal, during this era most of the energy generated was renewable ranging from, human labor, animal power, and windmills in milling grains, water power to traditional biomass.

Renewable energy contributes to 19.3 percent of the global energy consumption and 24 percent to the generation of electricity in 2015/2016 respectively and 8.9 percent coming from traditional biomass.

Modern biomass, geothermal and solar heat constituted 4.2 percent, hydro-electricity 3.9 percent and 2.2 percent is electricity generated from wind, solar, geothermal and biomass all together.

Records indicates that at the national level at least 30 nations across the globe already have renewable energy which contributes to more than 20 percent of energy supply, this being in countries such as Iceland and Norway generate all their electricity using renewable forms of energy. Africa on the other can take control of more than hydropower, solar, wind, geothermal and biomass energies.

Hydropower is one of leading energy in developing countries, where hydroelectric dams and reservoirs cater for growing energy demand, thus in 2015 hydropower generated 16 percent of the world’s electricity and 70 percent of the all renewable electricity.

Tanzania particularly has stressed enough on this by paying much attention on hydropower potential through river Ruvuma and capitalizing on the 4 GW potential, with 1.9Twh generation capacity. Hence other renewable sources are plenty but

not utilized enough such as solar energy.

Solar energy can be referred as the radiant energy and heat from the sun, this form of energy is harnessed through a range of ever-evolving technologies such as solar heating photovoltaics, and concentrated solar power.  This renewable energy technology can be broken into two categories, the first one is passive solar which orients a building to the sun, selecting only the materials with thermal mass or light dispersing properties then designing space that naturally circulate air.

On the other hand active solar technologies encompass solar thermal energy using solar collection for heating and solar power converting sunlight into electricity. Tanzania has promising levels of solar energy ranging between 2,800 and 3,500 hours of sunshine per year primarily in central regions.

However 6MW of solar grid have been installed country wide , operated in villages , hospitals , health centers and police stations, regions like Dodoma, Sumbawanga, Tabora, Shinyanga and Singida get much solar radiation, capitalizing solar energy generation is feasible.

Geothermal energy is yet another untapped energy where is it from thermal energy generated and stored in the Earth. Thermal energy is the energy that determines the temperature, originating from the naturally generated radioactive decayed minerals.

The heat used for energy is deep within the earth 6400 Km down at the core, with over 5,000 C. Hence hot springs are one the forms of geothermal energy dating back in ancient times, currently known for electricity generation. However the outer crust of Earth can be a thermal battery facilitating renewable thermal energy for heating and cooling buildings, refrigeration and powering industries.

Tanzania has regions with geothermal energy, with the right technology we can shift the dependence on the hydropower electricity generation to geothermal.

Wind power is another potential energy existing in Tanzania that uses only airflows to run wind turbines. Modern utility-scale wind turbines range around 600kW to 5MW of rated power. In windy regions such as Singida and Dodoma wind power infrastructure can produce enough energy to cater for these regions energy demands, as the more wind speed increases, power output increases up to the maximum output for particular turbine.

Offshore and high altitudes areas of Tanzania tend to have constant and stronger winds and are preferred locations for establishing wind farms. Available records show that wind-generated electricity catered for 4 percent of the globe’s electricity demand in 2015, nearly 63GW new wind power capacity installed worldwide.

Bioenergy is yet another form of energy that is generated from living or recently organisms. Bio energy can either be used directly through combustion to produce heat or indirectly after converting it to various forms of biofuel.

Converting biomass to biofuel can be successful by three methods classified into: Thermal, Chemical and Biochemical methods, where wood has remained the largest biomass source till to date, this engulfs dead trees, branches and tree stumps. However biofuel include a wide range of fuels which are derived from biomass covering solid, liquid and gaseous fuels. Liquid biofuels goes accounts for bio alcohols such as bioethanol and oils like biodiesel. Gaseous biofuels include biogas, landfill gas and synthetic gas.

The energy sector has been facing a myriad of challenges especially in the recent decade, which limit small scale industries and factories that rely on electricity. By encompassing renewable energy potentials present in our country, we can maximize the energy generated and suffice the growing need of energy for domestic and industrial consumption.

As we are working our way towards industrializing Tanzania, reliable energy supply is a critical factor.

Padili Mikomangwa

Geographer and Environmentalist writes from Tanzania.

He can be reached via Cell: +255763635597.

Email: padilijm@gmail.com

 

 

Pearl Recycling 2018 Annual Report

Pearl recycling was just a passion until it became a movement. A movement of people changing narratives around waste through creative re-use of solid waste.

Reflecting on our journey through 2018, we won’t have been able to increase our impact if not for the support of our partners, friends and clients. We sincerely appreciate you for believing in this dream and holding our hands through this journey.

Without mincing words, starting and sustaining a business in Nigeria is no small feat especially, when such business sector is surrounded with whirlwind of misconceptions.

Through the obstacles, we were able to train more than 150 youths on waste remodeling vocational skills with Ford Foundation sponsoring 100 youths from Alimosho and Ikeja Local Government.

We also donated 80 chairs, made from solid waste to four public schools in Lagos. Work is ongoing on donating 320 more chairs to 16 schools in 2019. This initiative was funded by the United States Embassy Abuja.

We have trained 219 students across four public schools on waste to furniture skills and this birthed the upcycling clubs in these schools. We are working on training 600 students across 16 public schools in 2019. This initiative was funded by the United States Embassy, Abuja.

Without forgetting our core vision, which is reducing the amount of waste that ends on landfills, 210 tyres were saved from landfills through our creative waste reuse initiative. These tyres were remodeled into sustainable, eco-friendly products which were purchased by our esteemed clients.

Looking back at how far we have come, we cannot ignore the fact that YOU made it possible. Your love, words of encouragement, support and effort to see us succeed were the reasons we could climb mountains with bare hands. There is no way we could have pulled such success without you and we are grateful for this.

As we move into 2019, there have been requests from people outside Lagos to have the same opportunity to learn the skill of waste remodeling. We have gotten calls from people in remote rural areasfor chair donations from us and we have listened to school managements asking that the opportunity to learn should be given to other schools.

We want to do this – We love to do this. However, we know that we can’t do this alone and we count on your support to achieve more in 2019.

We believe that if more people are empowered, poverty will reduce and social vices will go down. We are committed to impact more people as we reduce the misconceptions around waste.

Thank you for a wonderful 2018, we look forward to a mutually beneficial 2019

 

 

 

Olamide Ayeni-Babajide

Founder, Pearl Recycling

Perl Recycling Annual Report 2018

WASTE REMODELING: TEACH THE YOUTHS EARLY

In our bid to sensitize the young ones in Lagos  State on the need to re-use and recycle, we decided to present the students of Oke-Odo High School with eighteen(18) ergonomic chairs remodeled from discarded waste tires.


18 Ergonomic classroom chairs donated to Students of Oke-Odo high school to teach them recycling early

We believe that any nation that must grow must focus on its young ones. Agreeing that waste is a global problem and there is urgent need to change the mindset of the young ones through projects like this, the Tutor General/Permanent Secretary of Education District 1 Lagos, Dr. (Mrs.) Olufolayimika Abiose Ayandele welcomed the idea and added that young ones needs to be responsible not only in education but also in behavior. She said her district is working to impact young ones with skill acquisitions so that once they are out of school, they can be useful to themselves and the society.

Dr. (Mrs.) Ayandele Olufolayimika Abiose- Tutor General/Permanent Secretary sitting on one of the ergonomic classroom chairs made from discarded car tires.
Front Row L-R: Olamide Ayeni-Babajide, Founder Pearl Recycling | Dr. Mrs Olufolayimika Abiose Ayandele – Tutor General/Permanent Secretary Education District 1 | Principal Oke-odo High School Lagos Back Row L-R: Babajide Tosin, Founder Broadfoods | Olusegun Akande, Transmission Engineer HUAWEI and Mrs Anna Amaju Ako- Director of Education with other members of Education District 1

She said the students of public schools in Lagos are eager to learn and this arouse their curiosity and make them embrace waste recycling.

Mrs Anna Amaju Ako – Director of Education believe that this will also make responsible citizens out of the students.

We appreciate the Lagos State Office of Transformation, Creativity and Innovation for supporting this vision and directing us on the right path

We are most grateful for this opportunity to teach recycling early through empowerment and practical acknowledgement

We believe that Lagos State is on the right path with the caliber of seasoned professionals at the helms of affairs.

Together, we can change the narratives

CHANGING THE NARRATIVES IN NIGERIA’S ENVIRONMENTAL SECTOR

Waste Management policy cannot succeed without the people, the major factor that determines the success or failure of any policy. Unfortunately in a country like Nigeria with a population of 190 million, policies governing environmental behavior have seen little or no compliance. A stroll on the street of Lagos bears witness to this fact.

Indiscriminate dumping of waste is the order of the day with solid waste comprising more than 65% of the waste that ends up on landfill sites across the country, it becomes clear that government alone cannot solve the problem of waste in Nigeria.

Privately owned organizations in the waste management sector are focused on recycling the large amount of generated solid waste with little attention giving to training and recruiting new environmental enthusiast into the sparsely populated waste management sector

Pearl Recycling, a solid waste upcycling company in Nigeria in partnership with Ford Foundation and Institute of International Education(IIE) is changing the narratives through training and empowerment of 100 Nigerian youths in Lagos state with the skills needed to start up a solid waste upcycling company.

The trainees are divided into five cohorts with twenty people each so that each participants can have  100% practical knowledge during the training period. It’s expected that after the training, the trainees will start their own upcycling business in their communities and help to keep the community clean.

Pearl Recycling hope to replicate this training in all the 36 states of Nigeria in other to reduce the amount of waste that ends up on landfill sites and by extension our oceans while also reducing child mortality rates caused by dirty environments.

SKILL ACQUISITION SHORTLISTED CANDIDATES LIST

Congratulations,

You have been selected to partake in the waste to furniture skill acquisition training. This training is supported by Ford Foundation and Institute of International Education to empower young Nigerians especially females.

In the first week of July, e-mails will be sent to shortlisted applicants and it’s important that you check through your e-mails and sign the attached documents.

Once again, we say congratulations and we looking forward to have you with us

Signed,

Management.

NAME REMARK COHORT (TRAINING DATE)
Chinyere okechukwu Shortlisted Cohort 1                                            August 20, 2018 -August 24 2018
Ogechukwu Precious Chiamaka Shortlisted
Oluyale Adetoun Kofoworola Shortlisted
Obinaso Amaka Mary Shortlisted
Anita Akporido Shortlisted
Zainab Dere Shortlisted
Adewusi peace oluwabunmi Shortlisted
Ibrahim Mariam Abiola Shortlisted
Funmilayo Awoyungbo Shortlisted
Agbaje Ramota Morenikeji Shortlisted
Stella Shortlisted
Lilian Daniel Shortlisted
Osagie Omolola Shortlisted
Dike Chimuanya Anne Shortlisted
Olohitai Adeeyo Shortlisted
Victor Ehirim Shortlisted
Victoria Lamidi Shortlisted
ALLO Temilola Shortlisted
Adeleye Janet Oluwatobi Shortlisted
Chibundu  B kelechi Shortlisted
Stella Oluchi Unegbu Shortlisted Cohort 2                                                  July 23, 2018-July 27 2018
Osumade chukwufumnanya hilda Shortlisted
Ani Blessing Shortlisted
Mary Nihinlolamiwa Shortlisted
Sandra Shortlisted
Oloniyo Adeola Olajumoke Shortlisted
Ikuomola temitayo Shortlisted
Adeyemo Olufunke Shortlisted
Julie obi Shortlisted
Motunrayo Folami Shortlisted
Rtr. Lucy C Damian Shortlisted
Elechi Rosemary Shortlisted
Omoyeni Akinsanya Shortlisted
MOGBO PEACE IFEOMA Shortlisted
Arowolo Oluwadunsin Dorcas Shortlisted
Emmanuel olutayo Shortlisted
Olanrewaju Kafayat Omowunmi Shortlisted
Happiness Amaraizu Shortlisted
Opeyemi Ariyo Shortlisted
Fashomi Oyindamola Shortlisted
Ibor faith cornelius Shortlisted Cohort 3                                                            July 30, 2018-August 3, 2018
Shonibare hikmot Shortlisted
ANYANWU, Chidinma Esther Shortlisted
OLUWATOSIN EDE Shortlisted
Adeyemo Oluwatobi Shortlisted
Victoria Ifeoma Nnadi Shortlisted
Osueke Chiamaka Juliet Shortlisted
Osite Oluwayemi Omowunmi Shortlisted
Maryam Alli Shortlisted
Egbuna oluchi faith Shortlisted
Arojuwaye muyibat Shortlisted
Osibajo Mosunmola adeshola Shortlisted
olaleye oluwatoyin Shortlisted
Kanu adaora Shortlisted
Taiwo Iyiola Shortlisted
Halimat Alli Shortlisted
Asubiaro Deborah Oluwatosin Shortlisted
Jimoh – Oloyede Shakirat Titilayo Shortlisted
Oluwabukola Okubanjo Shortlisted
Emmanuel Johnson Shortlisted
Sanmisayo Odebamike Shortlisted Cohort 4                                            August 6, 2018 – August 10, 2018
Olapeju Taiwo Shortlisted
Awojobi Aminat Shortlisted
Adebola Adefioye Shortlisted
Henry Okoro Shortlisted
Fatimah Salisu Shortlisted
Ashafa Shortlisted
Ajirotutu  abeebat Opeyemi Shortlisted
Oyenuga, Temilola Shortlisted
NKIRU Shortlisted
Udokwu Vivian Shortlisted
Emmanuel Ajijola Shortlisted
Adeoye Temitope Tairat Shortlisted
Temitope Oluwaseun Ademiku Shortlisted
Agu Ngozi Christina Shortlisted
Chinenye Maureen Ugorji Shortlisted
Maureen Ezekwugo Shortlisted
Busolami Adeyanju Shortlisted
Felicia Oluwatobi Adeyemi Shortlisted
Lawal Rasheedat Abisola Shortlisted
Salam latifah Shortlisted Cohort 5                                                              August 13, 2018 – August 17, 2018
Olisa Oladunni Shortlisted
Anuoluwapo Debora Jesufemi Shortlisted
Akinwunmi Olanike Simiat Shortlisted
Awolola Bolanle Shortlisted
ABOSEDE AGBOOLA Shortlisted
Omolola Olusegun-Aina Shortlisted
Omotosho Aishat Shortlisted
Anuoluwapo Opafola Shortlisted
FOLORUNSO REBECCA OLUWABUNMI Shortlisted
ABOSULE FATIMO ADUNNI Shortlisted
Oluwabusayo Shortlisted
Akinwunmi Oluwatosin Shortlisted
Anuoluwapo Oyediran Oyewunmi Shortlisted
Ogunrinade Oluwatobi V Shortlisted
Ola-Olorun Oluwanimilo Shortlisted
Tinuke Aikeremiokha Shortlisted
Omobolanle Shortlisted
Joseph Anthonia T Shortlisted
Adefirantan Eunice Anuoluwapo Shortlisted

Cash Incentive, an alternative to indecent waste disposal

Our vision of eradicating indecent waste disposal in Nigeria caught the attention of Reuters, Washington Post, Al- Jazeera and other international media.

We believe that waste is a global problem but waste management technologies varies across countries. Africa is plagued with policy issues that is affecting most of the industries and sectors. We can’t leave government alone to do the work and that is why a young lady’s effort at upcycling waste is getting international recognition.

On what international media stations have to say:

Offering money for discarded plastic items is helping Olamide Babajide increase recycling rates in Nigeria while make a creative living for herself.
Offering money for discarded plastic items is helping Olamide Babajide increase recycling rates in Nigeria while make a creative living for herself.
She has since cut a niche for herself. “We are not like the everyday interior décor merchants, but ours is a different blend of interior crafting, where exquisite office equipment, like shelf, is used to beautify homes. Our personal decors are made from recycled products like woods, bottles and metals, which we turn to wall mirrors, wall frames and flower vase from unused materials,” she disclosed.
Olamide is concerned that, in a world of wasteful usage and global warming, concerted efforts should be made to reduce wastes and help the ozone layer by recycling waste materials into finished works of art.