One garbage truck of clothes is burned or sent to landfills every second!

The average consumer bought 60 percent more clothes in 2014 than in 2000, but kept each garment for half as long. 

Think about how many sweaters, scarves and other clothes were given as gifts this holiday season. How many times will people wear them before throwing them out? Probably far fewer than you think.

Gone are the days when people would buy a shirt and wear it for years. In a world of accelerating demand for apparel, consumers want—and can increasingly afford—new clothing after wearing garments only a few times. Entire business models are built on the premise of “fast fashion,” providing clothes cheaply and quickly to consumers through shorter fashion cycles.

This linear fashion model of buying, wearing and quickly discarding clothes negatively impacts people and the planet’s resources. Here’s a look at the economic, social and environmental implications:


The Economics

According to the Ellen McArthur Foundation, clothing production has approximately doubled in the last 15 years, driven by a growing middle-class population across the globe and increased per capita sales in developed economies. An expected 400 percent increase in world GDP by 2050 will mean even greater demand for clothing.

This could be an opportunity to do better. One report found that addressing environmental and social problems created by the fashion industry would provide a $192 billion overall benefit to the global economy by 2030. The annual value of clothing discarded prematurely is more than $400 billion.

The Environmental Impacts

Apparel production is also resource- and emissions-intensive. Consider that:

  • Making a pair of jeans produces as much greenhouse gases as driving a car more than 80 miles.
  • Discarded clothing made of non-biodegradable fabrics can sit in landfills for up to 200 years.
  • It takes 2,700 liters of water to make one cotton shirt, enough to meet the average person’s drinking needs for two-and-a-half years.

The Societal Impacts

Clothing production has helped spur growth in developing economies, but a closer look reveals a number of social challenges. For instance:

Ethiopia Garment Industry.
Credit: World Politics Review

  • According to non-profit Remake, 75 million people are making our clothes today, and 80 percent of apparel is made by young women between the ages of 18 and 24.
  • Garment workers, primarily women, in Bangladesh make about $96 per month. The government’s wage board suggested that a garment worker needs 3.5 times that amount in order to live a “decent life with basic facilities.”
  • A 2018 U.S. Department of Labor report found evidence of forced and child labor in the fashion industry in Argentina, Bangladesh, Brazil, China, India, Indonesia, Philippines, Turkey, Vietnam and other countries.

Rapid consumption of apparel and the need to deliver on short fashion cycles stresses production resources, often resulting in supply chains that put profits ahead of human welfare.

So, What Do We Do?
So, what does a more sustainable apparel industry look like, and how do we get there? We’re starting to see some  early signs of an industry in transition. Business models based on longevity, such as Rent the Runway and Gwynnie Bee, are the beginnings of an industry that supports reuse instead of rapid and irresponsible consumption. Just as Netflix re-imagined traditional film rental services and Lyft disrupted transportation, we are beginning to see options for consumers to lease clothes rather than buy and stash them in their closets. Ideally, an “end of ownership” in apparel will be implemented in a way that considers impacts on jobs, communities and the environment.

This is only the beginning of the radical transformation required. Apparel companies will increasingly have to confront the elephant in the boardroom and decouple their business growth from resource use.

To meet tomorrow’s demand for clothing in innovative ways, companies will need to do what they have never done before: design, test and invest in business models that reuse clothes and maximize their useful life. For apparel companies, it’s time to disrupt or be disrupted.

Article Credit: World Economic Forum

Donate to train one woman to learn waste to furniture vocational skills 



Renewable Energy: The underutilized energy source

Energy is a very vital resource to the development of the modern life. From household appliances, office electronic devices, factories and industries machines, transportation and personal gadgets all are driven by energy.

In other words, energy holds a much wider control over the operating capacity of our modern creation.

Perhaps the most grilling phenomenon is the way our environment is degraded and polluted by energy generation and consumption, triggering the all-out demand for sustainable methods to harness energy and moving forward to tap renewable energy, hence for Africa might be the suitable game to play and capitalize due to the present myriad of natural forms of energy.

Renewable energy comes from the natural forms of energy that comes from nature and replenish over human being time scales, such as wind, sunlight, rain, waves, tides and geothermal.

Renewable energy is mostly utilized in electrification, rural (off grid) energy services, transportation air and water heating and cooling. This nature friendly energy generation method dates back in the 19th century prior to the development of coal, during this era most of the energy generated was renewable ranging from, human labor, animal power, and windmills in milling grains, water power to traditional biomass.

Renewable energy contributes to 19.3 percent of the global energy consumption and 24 percent to the generation of electricity in 2015/2016 respectively and 8.9 percent coming from traditional biomass.

Modern biomass, geothermal and solar heat constituted 4.2 percent, hydro-electricity 3.9 percent and 2.2 percent is electricity generated from wind, solar, geothermal and biomass all together.

Records indicates that at the national level at least 30 nations across the globe already have renewable energy which contributes to more than 20 percent of energy supply, this being in countries such as Iceland and Norway generate all their electricity using renewable forms of energy. Africa on the other can take control of more than hydropower, solar, wind, geothermal and biomass energies.

Hydropower is one of leading energy in developing countries, where hydroelectric dams and reservoirs cater for growing energy demand, thus in 2015 hydropower generated 16 percent of the world’s electricity and 70 percent of the all renewable electricity.

Tanzania particularly has stressed enough on this by paying much attention on hydropower potential through river Ruvuma and capitalizing on the 4 GW potential, with 1.9Twh generation capacity. Hence other renewable sources are plenty but

not utilized enough such as solar energy.

Solar energy can be referred as the radiant energy and heat from the sun, this form of energy is harnessed through a range of ever-evolving technologies such as solar heating photovoltaics, and concentrated solar power.  This renewable energy technology can be broken into two categories, the first one is passive solar which orients a building to the sun, selecting only the materials with thermal mass or light dispersing properties then designing space that naturally circulate air.

On the other hand active solar technologies encompass solar thermal energy using solar collection for heating and solar power converting sunlight into electricity. Tanzania has promising levels of solar energy ranging between 2,800 and 3,500 hours of sunshine per year primarily in central regions.

However 6MW of solar grid have been installed country wide , operated in villages , hospitals , health centers and police stations, regions like Dodoma, Sumbawanga, Tabora, Shinyanga and Singida get much solar radiation, capitalizing solar energy generation is feasible.

Geothermal energy is yet another untapped energy where is it from thermal energy generated and stored in the Earth. Thermal energy is the energy that determines the temperature, originating from the naturally generated radioactive decayed minerals.

The heat used for energy is deep within the earth 6400 Km down at the core, with over 5,000 C. Hence hot springs are one the forms of geothermal energy dating back in ancient times, currently known for electricity generation. However the outer crust of Earth can be a thermal battery facilitating renewable thermal energy for heating and cooling buildings, refrigeration and powering industries.

Tanzania has regions with geothermal energy, with the right technology we can shift the dependence on the hydropower electricity generation to geothermal.

Wind power is another potential energy existing in Tanzania that uses only airflows to run wind turbines. Modern utility-scale wind turbines range around 600kW to 5MW of rated power. In windy regions such as Singida and Dodoma wind power infrastructure can produce enough energy to cater for these regions energy demands, as the more wind speed increases, power output increases up to the maximum output for particular turbine.

Offshore and high altitudes areas of Tanzania tend to have constant and stronger winds and are preferred locations for establishing wind farms. Available records show that wind-generated electricity catered for 4 percent of the globe’s electricity demand in 2015, nearly 63GW new wind power capacity installed worldwide.

Bioenergy is yet another form of energy that is generated from living or recently organisms. Bio energy can either be used directly through combustion to produce heat or indirectly after converting it to various forms of biofuel.

Converting biomass to biofuel can be successful by three methods classified into: Thermal, Chemical and Biochemical methods, where wood has remained the largest biomass source till to date, this engulfs dead trees, branches and tree stumps. However biofuel include a wide range of fuels which are derived from biomass covering solid, liquid and gaseous fuels. Liquid biofuels goes accounts for bio alcohols such as bioethanol and oils like biodiesel. Gaseous biofuels include biogas, landfill gas and synthetic gas.

The energy sector has been facing a myriad of challenges especially in the recent decade, which limit small scale industries and factories that rely on electricity. By encompassing renewable energy potentials present in our country, we can maximize the energy generated and suffice the growing need of energy for domestic and industrial consumption.

As we are working our way towards industrializing Tanzania, reliable energy supply is a critical factor.

Padili Mikomangwa

Geographer and Environmentalist writes from Tanzania.

He can be reached via Cell: +255763635597.

Email: padilijm@gmail.com



Pearl Recycling 2018 Annual Report

Pearl recycling was just a passion until it became a movement. A movement of people changing narratives around waste through creative re-use of solid waste.

Reflecting on our journey through 2018, we won’t have been able to increase our impact if not for the support of our partners, friends and clients. We sincerely appreciate you for believing in this dream and holding our hands through this journey.

Without mincing words, starting and sustaining a business in Nigeria is no small feat especially, when such business sector is surrounded with whirlwind of misconceptions.

Through the obstacles, we were able to train more than 150 youths on waste remodeling vocational skills with Ford Foundation sponsoring 100 youths from Alimosho and Ikeja Local Government.

We also donated 80 chairs, made from solid waste to four public schools in Lagos. Work is ongoing on donating 320 more chairs to 16 schools in 2019. This initiative was funded by the United States Embassy Abuja.

We have trained 219 students across four public schools on waste to furniture skills and this birthed the upcycling clubs in these schools. We are working on training 600 students across 16 public schools in 2019. This initiative was funded by the United States Embassy, Abuja.

Without forgetting our core vision, which is reducing the amount of waste that ends on landfills, 210 tyres were saved from landfills through our creative waste reuse initiative. These tyres were remodeled into sustainable, eco-friendly products which were purchased by our esteemed clients.

Looking back at how far we have come, we cannot ignore the fact that YOU made it possible. Your love, words of encouragement, support and effort to see us succeed were the reasons we could climb mountains with bare hands. There is no way we could have pulled such success without you and we are grateful for this.

As we move into 2019, there have been requests from people outside Lagos to have the same opportunity to learn the skill of waste remodeling. We have gotten calls from people in remote rural areasfor chair donations from us and we have listened to school managements asking that the opportunity to learn should be given to other schools.

We want to do this – We love to do this. However, we know that we can’t do this alone and we count on your support to achieve more in 2019.

We believe that if more people are empowered, poverty will reduce and social vices will go down. We are committed to impact more people as we reduce the misconceptions around waste.

Thank you for a wonderful 2018, we look forward to a mutually beneficial 2019




Olamide Ayeni-Babajide

Founder, Pearl Recycling

Perl Recycling Annual Report 2018


In our bid to sensitize the young ones in Lagos  State on the need to re-use and recycle, we decided to present the students of Oke-Odo High School with eighteen(18) ergonomic chairs remodeled from discarded waste tires.

18 Ergonomic classroom chairs donated to Students of Oke-Odo high school to teach them recycling early

We believe that any nation that must grow must focus on its young ones. Agreeing that waste is a global problem and there is urgent need to change the mindset of the young ones through projects like this, the Tutor General/Permanent Secretary of Education District 1 Lagos, Dr. (Mrs.) Olufolayimika Abiose Ayandele welcomed the idea and added that young ones needs to be responsible not only in education but also in behavior. She said her district is working to impact young ones with skill acquisitions so that once they are out of school, they can be useful to themselves and the society.

Dr. (Mrs.) Ayandele Olufolayimika Abiose- Tutor General/Permanent Secretary sitting on one of the ergonomic classroom chairs made from discarded car tires.
Front Row L-R: Olamide Ayeni-Babajide, Founder Pearl Recycling | Dr. Mrs Olufolayimika Abiose Ayandele – Tutor General/Permanent Secretary Education District 1 | Principal Oke-odo High School Lagos Back Row L-R: Babajide Tosin, Founder Broadfoods | Olusegun Akande, Transmission Engineer HUAWEI and Mrs Anna Amaju Ako- Director of Education with other members of Education District 1

She said the students of public schools in Lagos are eager to learn and this arouse their curiosity and make them embrace waste recycling.

Mrs Anna Amaju Ako – Director of Education believe that this will also make responsible citizens out of the students.

We appreciate the Lagos State Office of Transformation, Creativity and Innovation for supporting this vision and directing us on the right path

We are most grateful for this opportunity to teach recycling early through empowerment and practical acknowledgement

We believe that Lagos State is on the right path with the caliber of seasoned professionals at the helms of affairs.

Together, we can change the narratives


Waste Management policy cannot succeed without the people, the major factor that determines the success or failure of any policy. Unfortunately in a country like Nigeria with a population of 190 million, policies governing environmental behavior have seen little or no compliance. A stroll on the street of Lagos bears witness to this fact.

Indiscriminate dumping of waste is the order of the day with solid waste comprising more than 65% of the waste that ends up on landfill sites across the country, it becomes clear that government alone cannot solve the problem of waste in Nigeria.

Privately owned organizations in the waste management sector are focused on recycling the large amount of generated solid waste with little attention giving to training and recruiting new environmental enthusiast into the sparsely populated waste management sector

Pearl Recycling, a solid waste upcycling company in Nigeria in partnership with Ford Foundation and Institute of International Education(IIE) is changing the narratives through training and empowerment of 100 Nigerian youths in Lagos state with the skills needed to start up a solid waste upcycling company.

The trainees are divided into five cohorts with twenty people each so that each participants can have  100% practical knowledge during the training period. It’s expected that after the training, the trainees will start their own upcycling business in their communities and help to keep the community clean.

Pearl Recycling hope to replicate this training in all the 36 states of Nigeria in other to reduce the amount of waste that ends up on landfill sites and by extension our oceans while also reducing child mortality rates caused by dirty environments.



You have been selected to partake in the waste to furniture skill acquisition training. This training is supported by Ford Foundation and Institute of International Education to empower young Nigerians especially females.

In the first week of July, e-mails will be sent to shortlisted applicants and it’s important that you check through your e-mails and sign the attached documents.

Once again, we say congratulations and we looking forward to have you with us



Chinyere okechukwu Shortlisted Cohort 1                                            August 20, 2018 -August 24 2018
Ogechukwu Precious Chiamaka Shortlisted
Oluyale Adetoun Kofoworola Shortlisted
Obinaso Amaka Mary Shortlisted
Anita Akporido Shortlisted
Zainab Dere Shortlisted
Adewusi peace oluwabunmi Shortlisted
Ibrahim Mariam Abiola Shortlisted
Funmilayo Awoyungbo Shortlisted
Agbaje Ramota Morenikeji Shortlisted
Stella Shortlisted
Lilian Daniel Shortlisted
Osagie Omolola Shortlisted
Dike Chimuanya Anne Shortlisted
Olohitai Adeeyo Shortlisted
Victor Ehirim Shortlisted
Victoria Lamidi Shortlisted
ALLO Temilola Shortlisted
Adeleye Janet Oluwatobi Shortlisted
Chibundu  B kelechi Shortlisted
Stella Oluchi Unegbu Shortlisted Cohort 2                                                  July 23, 2018-July 27 2018
Osumade chukwufumnanya hilda Shortlisted
Ani Blessing Shortlisted
Mary Nihinlolamiwa Shortlisted
Sandra Shortlisted
Oloniyo Adeola Olajumoke Shortlisted
Ikuomola temitayo Shortlisted
Adeyemo Olufunke Shortlisted
Julie obi Shortlisted
Motunrayo Folami Shortlisted
Rtr. Lucy C Damian Shortlisted
Elechi Rosemary Shortlisted
Omoyeni Akinsanya Shortlisted
Arowolo Oluwadunsin Dorcas Shortlisted
Emmanuel olutayo Shortlisted
Olanrewaju Kafayat Omowunmi Shortlisted
Happiness Amaraizu Shortlisted
Opeyemi Ariyo Shortlisted
Fashomi Oyindamola Shortlisted
Ibor faith cornelius Shortlisted Cohort 3                                                            July 30, 2018-August 3, 2018
Shonibare hikmot Shortlisted
ANYANWU, Chidinma Esther Shortlisted
Adeyemo Oluwatobi Shortlisted
Victoria Ifeoma Nnadi Shortlisted
Osueke Chiamaka Juliet Shortlisted
Osite Oluwayemi Omowunmi Shortlisted
Maryam Alli Shortlisted
Egbuna oluchi faith Shortlisted
Arojuwaye muyibat Shortlisted
Osibajo Mosunmola adeshola Shortlisted
olaleye oluwatoyin Shortlisted
Kanu adaora Shortlisted
Taiwo Iyiola Shortlisted
Halimat Alli Shortlisted
Asubiaro Deborah Oluwatosin Shortlisted
Jimoh – Oloyede Shakirat Titilayo Shortlisted
Oluwabukola Okubanjo Shortlisted
Emmanuel Johnson Shortlisted
Sanmisayo Odebamike Shortlisted Cohort 4                                            August 6, 2018 – August 10, 2018
Olapeju Taiwo Shortlisted
Awojobi Aminat Shortlisted
Adebola Adefioye Shortlisted
Henry Okoro Shortlisted
Fatimah Salisu Shortlisted
Ashafa Shortlisted
Ajirotutu  abeebat Opeyemi Shortlisted
Oyenuga, Temilola Shortlisted
NKIRU Shortlisted
Udokwu Vivian Shortlisted
Emmanuel Ajijola Shortlisted
Adeoye Temitope Tairat Shortlisted
Temitope Oluwaseun Ademiku Shortlisted
Agu Ngozi Christina Shortlisted
Chinenye Maureen Ugorji Shortlisted
Maureen Ezekwugo Shortlisted
Busolami Adeyanju Shortlisted
Felicia Oluwatobi Adeyemi Shortlisted
Lawal Rasheedat Abisola Shortlisted
Salam latifah Shortlisted Cohort 5                                                              August 13, 2018 – August 17, 2018
Olisa Oladunni Shortlisted
Anuoluwapo Debora Jesufemi Shortlisted
Akinwunmi Olanike Simiat Shortlisted
Awolola Bolanle Shortlisted
Omolola Olusegun-Aina Shortlisted
Omotosho Aishat Shortlisted
Anuoluwapo Opafola Shortlisted
Oluwabusayo Shortlisted
Akinwunmi Oluwatosin Shortlisted
Anuoluwapo Oyediran Oyewunmi Shortlisted
Ogunrinade Oluwatobi V Shortlisted
Ola-Olorun Oluwanimilo Shortlisted
Tinuke Aikeremiokha Shortlisted
Omobolanle Shortlisted
Joseph Anthonia T Shortlisted
Adefirantan Eunice Anuoluwapo Shortlisted

Cash Incentive, an alternative to indecent waste disposal

Our vision of eradicating indecent waste disposal in Nigeria caught the attention of Reuters, Washington Post, Al- Jazeera and other international media.

We believe that waste is a global problem but waste management technologies varies across countries. Africa is plagued with policy issues that is affecting most of the industries and sectors. We can’t leave government alone to do the work and that is why a young lady’s effort at upcycling waste is getting international recognition.

On what international media stations have to say:

Offering money for discarded plastic items is helping Olamide Babajide increase recycling rates in Nigeria while make a creative living for herself.
Offering money for discarded plastic items is helping Olamide Babajide increase recycling rates in Nigeria while make a creative living for herself.
She has since cut a niche for herself. “We are not like the everyday interior décor merchants, but ours is a different blend of interior crafting, where exquisite office equipment, like shelf, is used to beautify homes. Our personal decors are made from recycled products like woods, bottles and metals, which we turn to wall mirrors, wall frames and flower vase from unused materials,” she disclosed.
Olamide is concerned that, in a world of wasteful usage and global warming, concerted efforts should be made to reduce wastes and help the ozone layer by recycling waste materials into finished works of art.


CHINA dominates international trade in many goods, but few more than waste for recycling. It sucked in more than half the world’s exports of scrap copper and waste paper in 2016, and half of its used plastic. All in all, China spent over $18bn on imports of rubbish last year. America, meanwhile, is an eager supplier. In 2016 nearly a quarter of America’s biggest exporters by volume were recyclers of paper, plastic or metal. Topping the list was America Chung Nam, a California-based supplier of waste paper which last year exported a whopping 333,900 containers, almost all of them to China.

This may soon change. On July 18th China told the World Trade Organisation that by the end of the year, it will no longer accept imports of 24 categories of solid waste as part of a government campaign against yang laji or “foreign garbage”. The Ministry of Environmental Protection says restricting such imports will protect the environment and improve public health. But the proposed import ban will disrupt billions of dollars in trade. Recyclers worry that other categories of waste may soon receive the same treatment.

Imports of rubbish have helped feed China’s voracious appetite for raw materials. It is often cheaper to recycle scrap copper, iron and steel, as well as waste paper and plastic, than to make such materials from scratch, especially when commodity prices are high. So as commodity prices rose during the 2000s, the burgeoning trade in waste benefited both exporters, who made money from previously worthless trash, and importers, who gained access to a reliable stream of precious feedstock. Between 1995 and 2016 Chinese imports of waste grew tenfold, from 4.5m to 45m tonnes.

But imports of recyclable waste are often dirty, poorly sorted or contaminated with hazardous substances such as lead or mercury. In 1996 factories in Xinjiang inadvertently imported more than 100 tonnes of radioactive metal from Kazakhstan. The following year an American businessman was convicted of smuggling over 200 tonnes of unsorted rubbish labelled as waste paper. Even when the intended material is imported, it is often recycled improperly. In 2002 the authorities faced widespread criticism after a documentary showed workers in Guangdong province crudely dismantling discarded electronic devices and dumping the toxic remains into a river. Officials may have been spurred into the latest restrictions by the release of Plastic China, an unflattering documentary about the plastic-recycling industry which was screened at Sundance, a grand American film festival, in January.

The government had already been campaigning to block imports of illegal and low-quality waste under a crackdown called Operation Green Fence launched in 2013. Customs officials have ramped up inspections of scrap metal for circuit boards, plastic for syringes and other medical waste, and waste paper for plastic or wood. Since then, China’s imports of waste have fallen sharply (see chart).

Whereas Green Fence was aimed at improving the quality of imported waste, the government’s latest move bans several types of waste outright, threatening some $5bn in trade. The Ministry of Environmental Protection says the ban will cut pollution. But most of the waste consumed by China’s recycling industry comes from domestic sources, not imports, notes Joshua Goldstein of the University of Southern California: “This is not really where the problem lies.” Indeed, recyclers who rely on imports may now switch to grubbier domestic stock.

“This is going to be very hard on our industry,” says Adina Renee Adler of the Institute of Scrap Recycling Industries. As it is, Operation Green Fence has put lots of small recyclers out of business. Exporters will suffer too. Derek Kellenberg of the University of Montana says, “My suspicion is that the lower-quality stuff is more likely to end up in a landfill.”

Source: The Economist


When you arrive at Kigali airport you are greeted by a large sign that says, “the use of non-biodegradable polythene bags is prohibited.”

Take the issue of litter for example. Africa is drowning in garbage at the moment; living standards have risen enough for millions to be able to afford to shop in supermarkets and buy plastic-wrapped foods, but governments still lack the capacity or inclination to hire people to pick up the mess. In Rwanda however, there is very little sign of the tsunami of detritus that is overwhelming the rest of the continent.

When you arrive at Kigali airport you are greeted by a large sign that says, “the use of non-biodegradable polythene bags is prohibited.” It takes a certain chutzpah to attempt to impose a nationwide ban on such a ubiquitous household product as the plastic bag, and in any other African country such a ban would not survive beyond the poster at the border; as far as I can find out, only one other country in the world — Bangladesh — is currently attempting such a thing, with limited results. But in Rwanda it is working. It is rare to see any plastic littering the verges, and I never saw any of the impromptu landfills that are so common in informal settlements.

This is one of the positive policy for other Africa countries to embrace.

Single Use Plastics should be abolished. Recycling and Upcycling should be encouraged.


Solid wastes are the discarded leftovers of our advanced consumer society. This growing mountain of garbage and trash represents not only an attitude of indifference toward valuable natural resources, but also a serious economic and public health problem. – Jimmy Carter


The case for recycling is strong. The bottom line is clear. Recycling requires a trivial amount of our time. Recycling saves money and reduces pollution. Recycling creates more jobs than land-filling or incineration. And a largely ignored but very important consideration, recycling reduces our need to dump our garbage in someone else’s backyard. – David Morris


With a little downpour, the city of Lagos suffered immeasurable loss due to our nonchalant attitude to our environment and the way we treat waste.



Houses in Sabo area of Yaba, Lagos State, were on Saturday morning submerged by water.

Many of the houses got flooded after a heavy downpour that kept residents indoors for more than three hours.

PREMIUM TIMES’ correspondent who was in the area reports that the rain began at around 5:04 a.m. and stopped just after s past 8 a.m.

Many shops and residential buildings were submerged by water, as residents recounted their ordeals.

A resident, Femi Owolabi, said such occurrence had never been experienced in the area for a long time, saying residential buildings were affected by the flood.

Many residents lamented the situation and called on the authorities to come to their rescue.

Others said there might be apathy in the local council election holding today due to the effect of the flood.

Source: Premium Times


We all need to have a mind-shift from our erroneous belief that Waste should be thrown away, burnt or buried. Let Let us start to ReDuce | ReUse and Recycle our products.